There were 16 mahajanapadas / kingdoms which are mentioned in the ancient literature and scriptures. It must be noted here that these sixteen. Many prominent ancient Buddhist texts make frequent references to the ’16 great kingdoms’ (mahajanapadas) that flourished between the sixth. Find 16 Mahajanapadas map, refers to sixteen great nations exist before the start of Buddhism in India.

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Kambojas are also included in the Uttarapatha. Commerce among the Janapadas expanded through the Ganges Valley, and powerful urban trading centers emerged.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

It finds mention as the center of Vedic Dharma. Kushinagar is now the centre of the Buddhist pilgrimage circle which is being developed by the tourism development corporation of Uttar Pradesh. The princes of this country are said to have come from the line of Druhyu who was a famous king of the Mahajanapadad period. New Delhi, National Book Trust. Chalukya Dynastyc. Kosala was ultimately merged into Magadha when Vidudabha was Kosala’s ruler. Vayu Purana attests that Kuruson of Samvarsana of the Puru lineage, was the eponymous ancestor of the Kurus and the founder of Kururashtra Kuru Janapada in Kurukshetra.

Hi I am an exam aspirant your website is helping a lot for me think u so much for u. Pargiter and Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri say that the ancient city might have been established near present-day Banda in Uttar Pradesh.

Mahajanapadas Map, Map of 16 Mahajanapadas

In a struggle for supremacy during the fifth century B. Surasena was the sacred land of Lord Krishna in which he was born, raised, and ruled. Late medieval period — According to Vedic texts, Kosala was the biggest and most powerful kingdom ever in history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Mahajanwpadas kingdom of Surasena was located to the west of river Yamuna and to the east of Matsya kingdom. The cis-Hindukush region from Nurestan up to Rajauri in southwest of Kashmir sharing borders with the Daradas and the Gandharas constituted the Kamboja country [47].


This indicates that Anga had initially succeeded in annexing the Magadhas, and that its borders extended to the kingdom of Matsya.

Vatsa’s geographical location was near the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, corresponding with the territory of modern Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.

Before the time of Buddha, Kasi was the most powerful of the 15 Mahajanapadas. In Buddha’s time, Assaka was located on the banks of the Godavari river and was the only mahajanapada south of Vindhya mountains. Though a well known monarchical people in the earlier period, the Kurus are known to have mahajanapadqs to a republican form of government during the 6th to 5th centuries BCE.

In the 4th century BCE, Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra also attests the Panchalas as following the Rajashabdopajivin king consul constitution. Many of these became big political bodies. The evidence in Mahabharata and in Ptolemy ‘s Geography distinctly supports two Kamboja settlements [42] [43] [44] [45] [46]. Colonial states — Portuguese India. An Indian archaeologist named Dilip Kumar Chakrabarti has claimed that the ruins of a historical city near the outskirts of Rewa in Madhya Pradesh may unlock further details pertaining to the kingdom and its capital city.

Mam I have one question regarding indus valley civilisation?

In Pali literature, the Matsyas are usually associated with the Surasenas. The Great Rebellionc. The Gandharas were furious people, well-trained in the art of war.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

In the RamayanaMahabharata and the Puranas the ruling family of the Kosala kingdom was descended from king Ikshvaku. Periods of Sri Lanka. They represent a transition from mahajajapadas semi-nomadic tribal society to an agrarian-based society with a vast network of trade and a highly-organized political structure.


In the mediaeval period, the southern frontiers of Chedi extended to the banks of the river Narmada.

This process of settlement on land had completed its final stage prior to mahajanapadax times of Buddha and Panini. The Chedis, Chetis or Chetyas had two distinct settlements of which one was in the mountains of Nepal and the other in Bundelkhand near Kausambi.

The commentator of Kautiliya’s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra. Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. Malla was named after the ruling clan of the same name.

The location of the capital city, Suktimatihas not been established with certainty. The Matsya Kingdom was founded by a 116 community. Panduputra Bhimasena is said to have conquered the chief of the Mallas in course of his expedition through Eastern India.

The period between the sixth and fourth centuries BCE is considered extremely important in early Indian history as it witnessed the emergence of massive Indian cities, which were built after the fall of the Indus Valley Civilization.

Ancient Kashi was bound by river Varuna in the north and river Assi in the south. Mahajznapadas was located on the grand northern high road Uttarapatha and was a center of international commercial activities. Ancient Madrasian Culture Soanianc.

Based on Mahabharata evidence, the country of Anga roughly corresponded to the region of Bhagalpur and Monghyr mayajanapadas Bihar and parts of Bengal.